Student Perceptions of the Relationship between Indicators of Teaching Presence and Success in Online Courses
The Community of Inquiry Framework posits teaching, social and cognitive presence interact to create the learning experience in online environments (Garrison, Anderson & Archer, 2001). To date, considerable research has been conducted which employs the framework with promising results (Akyol et al., 2009). However, significant work is needed to understand the interactions of the three presences and the impact of specific indicators on learning outcomes. This study uses a mixed methods approach to explore student perceptions of the impact of the indicators of Teaching Presence on their success in online courses. Analysis revealed that level may be a significant factor in determining which of the 13 indicators are considered most critical to success. Suggestions for application of results are included.