Comparing Learning Style to Performance in On-Line Teaching: Impact of Proctored v. Un-Proctored Testing

Gregory S. Wellman
Ferris State University


The purpose of this study was to examine the impact that proctored versus un-proctored testing would have on learning for an on-line content module; and examine the relationship between LASSI variables and learning. A randomized, pre-test/post-test control group design was employed. College students in a pharmacy curriculum, were randomized to two groups utilizing asynchronous, on-line content with a medical terminology module. Group A utilized proctored, on-line testing, while Group B utilized un-proctored on-line testing. Both were given a pre-test and post-test on medical terminology at the beginning and end of a sixteen week semester. The Learning and Study Strategies Inventory was administered to all students. On-line module delivery paired with proctored testing was more effective in promoting learning when compared to on-line module delivery paired with un-proctored testing. The constructs: anxiety, self-testing, attitude/interest and motivation were significant in predicting learning for proctored students. No significant model emerged for un-proctored students.

About the Author(s)...

Dr. Gregory Wellman is currently an Associate Professor of Pharmacy with the College of Pharmacy at Ferris State University. He earned his Bachelor of Science in Pharmacy from Ferris State University; and Master of Science in Clinical Hospital Pharmacy and Ph.D. in Pharmaceuticals Administration from The Ohio State University. He has been involved in the design and development of on-line instructional modules for a number of courses, delivered to class sizes in excess of 100 students. He currently teaches research methods/biostatistics; and pharmacoeconomics at Ferris State University. His research interests include applications of distance education; as well as conjoint analysis and its application to health care decisions of physicians, pharmacists and patients. He may be contacted at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

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