Collaboration Levels in Asynchronous Discussion Forums: a Social Network Analysis Approach

Cecilia Luhrs
Lewis McAnally-Salas

Autonomous University of Baja California, Mexico


Computer Supported Collaborative Learning literature relates high levels of collaboration to enhanced learning outcomes. However, an agreement on what is considered a high level of collaboration is unclear, especially if a qualitative approach is taken. This study describes how methods of Social Network Analysis were used to design a collaboration index. The study was conducted in a heterogeneous context of hybrid and online courses, in  a virtual classrooms system, in higher education. Results show that the collaboration index effectively identified levels of collaboration in asynchronous discussion forums. 

About the Author(s)...

Cecilia Luhrs is a Professor of Technology Education with research and interests in Online Education, Teacher Training, Computer Supported Collaborative Learning and Social Network Analysis. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Lewis Samson McAnally Salas is a full-time researcher at the Research Institute for Educational Development of the Autonomous University of Baja California and member of the National System of Researchers Level I, whose research interests include Technology-mediated Learning, Online Education, Teacher Training and Diffusion of innovations.

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