The Impact of Frequency on Achievement in Online Courses: A Study from a South Texas University

Lori Kupczynski
Texas A&M University-Kingsville

Angela M. Gibson & Phil Ice
American Public University System

Jennifer Richardson
Purdue University

Linda Challoo
Texas A&M University-Kingsville


For over a decade, the learning management system (LMS) has been the primary method of delivering online learning. However, research related instructional design and pedagogical practices within this environment is still in its infancy as compared to face-to-face learning. While several frameworks for understanding pedagogical strategies and activity optimization exist, they do not address granular level issues such as optimal student interaction patterns. This study addresses this issue by exploring a case study of over 1600 online learners at Texas A&M University at Kingsville. Researchers looked at student demographics and activity patterns as they relate to cognitive outcomes.

About the Author(s)...

Lori Kupczynski serves as an Assistant Professor of Educational Leadership at Texas A&M University-Kingsville. In addition, she works as an educational consultant across the United States at multiple institutions of higher learning. Dr. Kupczynski’s research interests center on Internet-based instruction and the role of the adult learner, with emphasis in instructional design. She may be contacted at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

Angela M. Gibson serves as an Instructional Strategist for the Instructional Design and Development Team at American Public University System. Dr. Gibson has a background in educational leadership, adult education, community college education, higher education, and student affairs. She is active in regional and national education associations and serves on an editorial review board.

Phil Ice holds an Education Doctorate in Curriculum and Instruction with minor concentrations in Instructional Technology and Science Education. Currently, Dr. Ice is the Vice President of Research and Development at American Public University System (APUS). His research is focused on the impact of new and emerging technologies on cognition in online learning environments.

Jennifer Richardson is an Associate Professor at Purdue University. Her research interests focus on the development of social presence in the online environment. Dr. Richardson has been recognized by peers for work in this area with receipt of a Sloan-C Effective Practice award.

Linda Challoo serves as the Interim Associate Dean of Research and Graduate Studies at Texas A&M University-Kingsville. She is also an Associate Professor in the Educational Leadership and Counseling department. Dr. Challoo enjoys a diverse research agenda, ranging from educational leadership to instructional technology to robotics and nanotechnology.

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